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                首页>秦域美食名胜

                陕西窑洞

                2018-08-17 16:00 来源:

                陕西窑洞是中国北方黄土高原上特有的传统民居形式,分土窑洞、石窑洞、砖窑洞、土基子窑※洞、柳椽柳巴子窑】洞和接口子窑洞多种。到陕北旅游,无论是游览延安,还是游览榆林地区豐富,抬头低头随处可见那或傍山而建、或平地而箍、或沉入地下筑成大井式院落的窑洞。

                窑洞

                远在4000多年前,生活在陕¤西北部黄土高原上的先民就有挖穴而居的习俗。因为高原上的黄土粘、硬,不易塌陷。窑洞都是依山而建,在天然土壁上水▼平向里凿土挖洞,施工简便、便于自建、造价低廉,而且住在里㊣面冬暖夏凉。直到今天,窑洞式房屋还广泛分布在黄土高原,居⊙住人口达4000多万。


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